Veterinary Technologists and Technicians: Roles, Examples, and Education Requirements

Veterinary Technologists and Technicians: Roles, Examples, and Education Requirements

Veterinary technologists and technicians work in the animal healthcare industry, providing medical care and assistance to animals under the supervision of veterinarians. The job requires a range of duties, including diagnostic tests, surgeries, medication administration, and postoperative monitoring. This job is suitable for individuals who love animals and science and can handle the challenges of the role with the right education and training.

Examples of the Job

The job of veterinary technologists and technicians includes performing diagnostic tests such as X-rays, urinalysis, blood tests, as well as administering medications and vaccinations. Additionally, they assist veterinarians in surgery and monitor patients post-operation, clean cages, and feed and water animals. Euthanizing animals in accordance with guidelines and regulations is also a part of their job.

Education and Training Requirements

The minimum educational requirement for veterinary technologists and technicians is an associate degree in veterinary technology from an accredited program. The degree program typically takes two years to complete and entails courses in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and medical terminology. Some programs may also have clinical experience, providing students hands-on training. In addition to formal education, veterinary technologists and technicians require good communication skills, attention to detail, compassion, empathy for animals, physical stamina, and problem-solving skills to handle the job.

Career Progression

Upon graduation, veterinary technologists and technicians can choose to specialize in areas such as emergency and critical care, dental care, anesthesia, or behavior. With experience, they can advance to higher positions such as lead technician, supervisor, or veterinary technologist. These roles come with higher responsibility and leadership skills, such as training new staff, managing schedules and budgets, and implementing quality control measures.

Salary data for the occupation: Veterinary technologists and technicians

Veterinary technologists and technicians in the United States (US National Average) earn an average salary ranging from $35,651.20 to $49,670.40, depending on the level of expertise and job level. Union status seems to have a little impact on salaries. Nonunion vet techs make an average salary of $40,518.40, which is slightly higher than the full-time average salary of $41,995.20. Wisconsin offers the highest average salary of $43,160.00, while Kansas offers the lowest average salary of $35,193.60 among the included geographies.


In conclusion, veterinary technologists and technicians play a significant role in the animal healthcare industry, providing necessary care and support to animals under the supervision of veterinarians. With the right education, skills, and training, individuals interested in a career in this field can gain the knowledge and experience required to become successful veterinary technologists and technicians.